• “however good a Constitution may be, it is sure to turn out bad because those who are called to work it, happen to be a bad lot.” – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

  • “For democracy to survive, it is essential that the best available persons should be chosen as people’s representatives for proper governance of the country.” – Supreme Court

  • “One attains moksha (salvation) by travelling to Chaar Dham. But files go in circles to 32 dhams without attaining salvation. – Prime Minister

  • Tarikh, Tarikh-par-Tarikh (“dates followed by dates followed by dates”) - Economic Survey, 2018

  • “If an innocent person is sent to jail and undergoes the sentence, the scars left by the miscarriage of justice cannot be erased by any subsequent act of expiation ..."- Supreme Court


India’s undertrial population is estimated to be the 18th highest in the world and the third highest in Asia In the US, which is estimated to have the highest incarceration rate in the world, only 20% of prisoners are undertrials.


Total Number of Jail Inmates as on 31.12.2015 : 4,19,623

Undertrials : 2,82,076 (67.2% of total inmates)

Male : 2,70,160 (95.8 % of total undertrials)

Female : 11,916 (4.2% of total undertrials)

A total of 1,149 women undertrials with their 1,310 children were lodged in various prisons in the country at the end of  2015.


A total of 3,599 undertrials 1.3 % of total undertrials) were detained in jails for more than 5 years at the end of the year  2015. Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of such undertrials (1,364) followed by West Bengal (294)

Maximum number of undertrials 99,398 (35.2%) out of 2,82,076 were detained for  up to 3 months at the end of 2015

A total of 12,92,357 undertrials were released, out of which 82,585 undertrails were acquitted, 5,097 undertrials were transferred to other States and 39 were extradited during the year 2015.


Out of 2,82,076 undertrial inmates, 80,528 were illiterates, 1,19,082 were educated uptoClasssXth, 58,160 having education of above Class Xth& below graduation, 16,365were graduates and 5,225 were post graduates.

A total of 1,35,634 (48.1%) undertrial inmates were in the age group of 18 30 years,  1,15,181  (40.8%) undertrials were in the age-group of 30-50 years and  31,229 (11.1%) undertrials of 50  years or more.

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